Phoenician Canaanite Names of Towns and Cities

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The above map clearly shows that the Phoenician/ Canaanites had settled the mountains quite extensively, contrary to what was previously believed.

Both researchers, Wild and Kuschke, are aware there are many more Canaanite settlements whose names had shifted from Canaanite to Aramaic and then some to Arabic.

Limiting names at present to Phoenician/Canaanite ones, presents the least extention of their settlements. Further study is needed to map the full extent of Canaanite settlement in the Lebanese mountains.

The numbers refer to the placement of the locations on the map. In this list A. Kuschke includes the 50 place-names which Stephan Wild (in his Libanesische Ortsnamen) considers to be Canaanite. Kuschke adds 25 more names which he deems to be of Canaanite origin.

The aim of Kuschke with his article is to map the distribution of Canaanite/Phoenician settlement in Lebanon.

Names and corresponding numbers on the map:
  • 1 - Yaaruun
  • 2 - Yaariin
  • 3 - Jijjiim
  • 4 - (Byt) YaaHuun
  • 5 - Qaana
  • 6 - Dib@al
  • 7 - Suur
  • 8 - Arnuun
  • 9 - 7adshiit
  • 10 - Maifduun
  • 11 - (Kfar) Tibniit
  • 12 - Marj 3yuun
  • 13 - (Mazr3t) BSaffuur
  • 14 - Sarafand
  • 15 - Mayduun
  • 16 - Tanbuuriit
  • 17 - Sayduun
  • 18 - Sayda
  • 19 - B3anuub
  • 20 - 3aytaniit
  • 21 - Mazbuud
  • 22- Kaamid (al-Lawz)
  • 23 - HaSruut
  • 24 - Shuuriit
  • 25 - (Qabr) Shmuun
  • 26 - Habrammuun
  • 27 - 3aynab
  • 28 - Hama
  • 29 - Badghaan
  • 30 - (Mjdl) Ba3na
  • 31 - Ta3naayil
  • 32 - (3yn) Sawfar
  • 33 - Zibduul
  • 34 - Hammaana
  • 35 - ArSuun
  • 36 - Qarnaayil
  • 37 - (Byt) Miri
  • 38 - Haam
  • 39 - al-Rawshi
  • 40 - Bayruut
  • 41 - Tarshiish
  • 42 - (Mzr3t) Yaashuu3
  • 43 - Zikriit
  • 44 - 3ajaltuun
  • 45 - (Kfar) Daan
  • 46 - Ba3albak
  • 47 - Jab3a
  • 48 - YaanuuH
  • 49 - Ghiyyaat
  • 50 - Jbayl
  • 51 - Hisraayil
  • 52 - Jadaayil
  • 53 - RamuuT
  • 54 - Shammuut
  • 55 - Suraat
  • 56 - Daa3il
  • 57 - HaSruun
  • 58 - (Biir) Rawshi
  • 59 - Hadshiit
  • 60 - BaTruun
  • 61 - (Daar) B3ishtaar
  • 62 - Haamaat
  • 63 - Bnaayil
  • 64 - Ijbaa3
  • 65 - Zakruun
  • 66 - (Kfar) Qaahil
  • 67 - Bsib3il
  • 68 - Hirmil
  • 69 - Dib3il
  • 70 - 3aSaymuut
  • 71 - Habshiit
  • 72 - Taashii3
  • 73 - (Tall) 3arqa
  • 74 - (Tall) Sib3il
  • 75 - Majdal
Note:
3 - is glotal a
7 - is whisper h

Reference:

  1. "Historisch-Topographische Bemerkungen zu Stephan Wilds 'Libanesische Ortsnamen'", in La Toponomie Antique, Actes de Colloque de Strasbourg 12-14 juin 1975, Brill, pp.75-82.
  2. Original map and text compiled by Elie Wardini

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